Whenever we come across the terms like gut microbiome, good bacteria, gut bacteria, Probiotics – we hear about a lot about them. How they ferment dietary fiber! How they use Prebiotics! We know how much importance does fiber have in our lives. But no one really explains is what is the product of this fermentation of fiber. We are here today to talk about this fermentation Product, i.e. SCFAs (Short-Chain Fatty Acids).
What are Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs)?
SCFAs are the products made when gut bacteria ferment dietary fiber or Prebiotics. Short-chain fatty acids or ‘volatile fatty acids’ are a specific type of fatty acid molecules that have fewer than six carbons and atoms.
Free SCFAs can easily cross our blood-brain barrier through monocarboxylate transports.
These particular compounds show interactions with the body in different ways. One of these relates directly to the maintenance of digestive health.
Some prefer to stay close in the gut, while others travel throughout the body. They take part in vital processes in the body and affect health in many ways like mentioned below.
Types of SCFAs
There are basically three prime SCFAs originate within the human body:
Propionate plays a key role in the liver. Here it helps to metabolize various molecules into glucose. Acetate and butyrate are believed to relate to the cholesterol found in the blood. Among these fatty acids, butyrate has the largest influence on digestive health.
Types of Fibers
Inulin: You can get inulin from artichokes, garlic, leeks, onion, wheat, rye, and asparagus.
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS): FOS are present in many fruits and vegetables, including onions, asparagus, bananas, and garlic.
Resistant starch: Cooked and cooled potato and rice are the major sources of resistant starch.
Arabinoxylan: Arabinoxylan is found in cereal grains.
Guar gum: It can be obtained from guar beans, which are a type of legumes.
Role of Short Chain Fatty Acids in Health and Fighting Diseases
Protecting Your Gut Health
The primary role of Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs) is to influence gut health.
- Precisely, SCFAs aid in producing the mucosal blockade that entirely lines the gut.
- They produce structural proteins which are used to repair the endothelial wall of your intestines.
- Provides energy to the cells inside the colon.
- SCFAs influence the genes that account for cell cycle and proliferation.
- New studies are apparently linking gut peristalsis and the effect of SCFAs. Gut peristalsis is the motion by which food moves in the gut.
Our immune system works with the help of many influencers, one of which is SCFAs.
- SCFAs unswervingly modulate the issue of inflammatory cytokines, essentially inhibiting their secretion.
- They help in the production of the “peace-keeper” cells, i.e. T-cells of the immune system.
- Protection against Colorectal cancer is another role that they play, by modulating the microbiome.
- SCFAs has the property to eliminate the harmful microorganisms from the gut without inducing an inflammatory response. In this way, SCFAs performance as a significant aspect of the body’s primary defense mechanism – the gut!
It is worth noting that research suggests that butyrate contains the most potent anti-inflammatory properties of all SCFAs.
This might feel contradictory to you. But these volatile fatty acids reduce cholesterol levels and glucose levels in the blood. Thus protecting us from obesity. As well as, they provide calories to the body which adds on the weight.
That means, how energy is metabolized by our body depends on these molecules also. And this can be helpful in protection against metabolic-disease.
Leaky gut is characterized by a highly dripping digestive system. This allows the easy movement of harmful molecules and organisms into the body. Which cause a huge inflammatory response (which, when prolonged, can inhibit the healing process).
These molecules are significant to maintain the barrier among intestinal wall and mucus. And the best short-chain fatty acid supplements can help in the healing of the holes in the gut associated with a leaky gut syndrome.
The anti-inflammatory nature of SCFAs can help in the decreased level of the digestive to leaky gut. By dropping this inflammation, we observe an elevation in the curative property and capacity. Which improves the leaky gut syndrome.
Excess of anything is harmful, so is the case with SCFAs
Benefits of Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs)
An amplified level of SCFAs within the digestive system has been shown to elevate the health and number of good bacteria’s within the gut. As these microorganisms are answerable for the production of SCFAs naturally, this additional aid the state of the digestive system in its wholeness.
These molecules are dependent on the type of bacteria present in our gut. Good bacteria produce only the needful amount of SCFAs while bad bacteria produce a large number of these molecules. Making us harvest more calories in food and making us over-weight and obese.
Thus it becomes very important to fill our gut with good bacteria. The good bacterial strains like Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium produces the SCFAs in a limited number. The number which is essential for our fit survival and a healthy body.
Taking probiotics which contains such good strains, Billion Cheers is a must for our health and prosperity. Billion Cheers, along with probiotics, comes with the natural goodness of prebiotics, thus giving you the right balance of volatile fatty acids to perform all the vital functions.