Difficult pooping!!! Suffering from constipation, or diarrhea?? Or may be both??
Might be lack of fibers or some infections!! Or might be underlying symptom of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)!!!
We often get irritated by the things we do not like, someone’s behavior, some experience and sometime our own selves!!! Emotional irritability we can manage, but what about irritability while pooping!!! And that too in addition with nausea, abdominal discomfort, bloating, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Some Facts
Yes I am referring here about IBS. Many people don’t realize that they are suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome. And if they do, they do not get all of their questions answered. Let’s know the answers of most commonly asked questions.
Facts about IBS:
There is a gradual increase in the age group of 22-40 years
Women are at more risk
About 35-40% youth is at risk of IBS
Prevalence in children is similar to adults
IBS: Why it is called a syndrome?
A syndrome is basically “a group of symptoms which consistently occur together, or a condition characterized by a set of associated symptoms.”
Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is a chronic intestinal disorder that causes not one but many problems to different areas of body which are inter-related to each other, like:
Abdominal pain and cramps
Flatulence, bloating, nausea
Diarrhea, constipation or both
Change in eating habits
Inability to empty bowels completely
Loss of appetite
Urinary symptoms like frequent urination and pain while peeing
Vaginal discomfort including painful intercourse and recurring infections
What are the Primary causes of IBS?
The primary causes are as follows.
Intestinal muscle contractions. Weak or prolonged muscle contractions on the intestinal wall pose difficulty to the passage of food thereby resulting in slow digestion and constipation.
Poor coordination between the nerve endings on the intestinal wall with the brain may cause the body to react abnormally to normal digestive process causing pain and IBS.
Inflammation caused by the presence of more sensitive immune cells in the intestine.
IBS can be caused as an aftermath of any severe gastrointestinal infection resulting in bacterial overgrowth.
IBS patients have different gut micro flora than normal people.
The family history of IBS.
Any kind of food allergy may trigger IBS like dairy products, beans, dietary fibers, carbonated drinks etc.
It has been found that poor mental health, stress, and anxiety can increase IBS symptoms.
It has been found that women are more prone to IBS than male which can be a possible cause of estrogen level fluctuations.
Are there different types of IBS?
There are mainly 3 types of IBS namely,
IBS-C with constipation
IBS-D with diarrhea
IBS-M with alternating stool pattern or mixed type
IBS-U with unsubtype
How is it Diagnosed?
Health care providers suggest the following tests:
Tests for lactose and gluten intolerance, or celiac disease
Tests for abdominal muscle movements
Is IBS prevalent in Children as well?
IBS has been found to affect mostly young people in the age group of 20 -30. But nowadays with the rise of competitive behavior, children are getting more prone to IBS due stress and emotional insecurities.
IBS in children should be medicated keeping in mind the age and medical history of the child and his/her tolerance to specific medications.
Prohibition of certain foods is recommended for children suffering from IBS like:
Dairy products, fatty foods, caffeine, foods containing a high amount of artificial sweeteners, foods that promote gas formation like cabbage and beans.
Ice creams and milk are to be restricted lactose intolerable children.
Stress management, hypnotherapy and talk therapy with sensitive children may also help.
Primary medications are fiber supplements, laxatives, anti-diarrheal, antispasmodics to reduce colon spasms and pains as well as antidepressants to promote stress-free sleep are recommended.
What is the difference between IBS and IBD?
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
It is a syndrome, or a group of symptoms, which can affect not only digestive system but also urinary tract and genitals.
It is a group of disease, that includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis